Gender equality and social protection in an era of globalization:

It is found that over the last 25 years since 1990, inequalities (income and consumption) have increased in India, making the poor and unskilled women the most adversily affected. While liberalization and growing trade resulted in increased value for scarce resources like land and natural resources, women did not have equal rights to such economic assets.

Also, rapid urbanization and modernization also weakened institutional structures of communities,weakening informal social protection mechanisms and reduced government expenditures on food subsidies and social welfare schemes further exacerbated inequalities and increased the risks for women. Gender inequality is a key concern in designing social protection schemes and social security is a matter of taking account, in an appropriate way, of gender roles in society, which cast a large part of the unpaid burden on women.


Globalisation and growing inequalities
Protecting the Poorest and Most Vulnerable in a Globalizing World – Policies Matter
Exacerbating Gender Inequalities– Equal Laws and Unequal Outcomes